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Period 1: 1491-1607

The arrival of the Europeans in the Western hemisphere in the 15th and 16th centuries triggered extensive demographic and social changes on both sides of the Atlantic. The Renaissance Changes Europe, Innovations occurred in economics, art, and politics.

Key Concepts Before the arrival of Europeans, native populations in North America developed a wide variety of social, political, and economic structures based in part on interactions with the environment and each other.

They planted crops such as beans, squash, and maize corn. However, their government was based on a kinship system, in which the chief ruled with limited powers. European attempts to change American Indian beliefs and world-views on basic social issues such as religion, gender roles and the family, and the relationship of people with the natural environment led to American Indian resistance and conflict.

Henry then broke with Rome and placed himself at the head of nation church, the Church of England, which promptly granted the king an annulment. West African Society and Slavery Most West Africans lived in extended families in small villages and farmed small-sized plots of land.

Key Concepts The United States responded to an uncertain and unstable postwar world by asserting and attempting to defend a position of global leadership, with far-reaching domestic and international consequences.

Originally, most Europeans were pagans, very similar in their religious beliefs as to the Indians of North America in that they were animists. Postwar economic, demographic, and technological changes had a far-reaching impact on American society, politics, and the environment. In the Northeast along the Atlantic Seaboard, some societies developed a mixed agricultural and hunter-gatherer economy that favored the development of permanent villages.

The end of the Cold War and new challenges to U. The Power of Religion Christian doctrine played a ginormous role in the everyday lives of peasants. However, over time, European traders joined African states and Arab merchants in the slave trade.

The introduction of new crops and livestock by the Spanish had far-reaching effects on native settlement patterns as well as on economic, social and political development in the Western Hemisphere.

Apush Sem. 1 Outline

The Mayan civilization started to pick up steam around C. However, once Philip had begun his war on Protestantism, the seven northern provinces declared their independence and became the Dutch Republic or Holland. The man was always the head of the household in European society.

Colliding Worlds, Americans Inhabitants Early On There is strong archaeological and genetic evidence that suggests the earliest inhabitant of the Americas came over the current-day Bering Strait, which had been frozen over multiple times during multiple ice ages sometime between 16, B.

European traders, at first, had a positive impact by introducing new plants and animals. European exploration and conquest were fueled by a desire for new resources of wealth, increased power and status, and converts to Christianity.

In the economies of the Spanish colonies, Indian labor, used in the encomienda system to support plantation-based agriculture and extract precious metals and other resources, was gradually replaced by African Slavery.

Improvements in technology and more organized methods for conducting international trade helped drive changes to economies in Europe and the Americas. This included Islam and the Crusades were an example of the Church attempting to eradicate some heresies.

Liberalism, based on anticommunism abroad and a firm belief in the efficacy of governmental and especially federal power to achieve social goals at home, reached its apex in the mid- s and generated a variety of political and cultural responses.

The Mississippian peoples Developed around C. Built a new city, Tenochtitlan ten-och-tit-lanwhich is current day Mexico City, and, at its peak, had overinhabitants. In the late 18th century, new experiments with democratic ideas and republican forms of government, as well as other new religious, economic, and cultural ideas, challenged traditional imperial systems across the Atlantic World.

The Aztec civilization began around C. The Natchez, the Creeks, Choctaws, and Chickasaws had all once been organized into powerful chiefdoms. Many Europeans developed a belief in white superiority to justify their subjugation of Africans and American Indians, using several different rationales.

For example, civic humanism, republics, and the organization of guilds. Societies responded to the lack of natural resources in the Great basin and the western Great Plains by developing largely mobile lifestyles. The Union victory in the Civil War and the contested Reconstruction of the South settled the issues of slavery and secession, but left unresolved many questions about the power of the federal government and citizenship rights.

Spanish and Portuguese exploration and conquest of the Americas led to widespread deadly epidemics, the emergence of racially mixed populations, and a caste system defined by an intermixture among Spanish settlers, Africans, and Native Americans.

Most tribes did not seek to gain material possessions.

AP United States History

Economic and sexual favors also occurred during this corruption, and those who pointed this corruption out were either ignored or executed as heretics. The emergence of an industrial culture in the United States led to both greater opportunities for, and restrictions on, immigrants, minorities, and women.

Contacts among American Indians, Africans, and Europeans challenged the worldviews of each group Period 2 Theme Europeans and American Indians maneuvered and fought for dominance, control, and security in North America, and distinctive colonial and native societies emerged.

European colonization efforts in North America stimulated intercultural contact and intensified conflict between the various groups of colonizers and native peoples. The Hopewell Indians, however, did seek to gain material possessions These Native Americans lived in present-day Ohio.AP’s high school United States History course is a rigorous, college-level class that provides an opportunity to gain skills colleges recognize.

The AP program in United States History is designed to provide students with the analytical skills and enduring understandings necessary to deal critically with the. Chapter outlines from "American Pageant (13th edition)" to help you review what you've read, chapter-by-chapter.

Use this information to ace your AP U.S. History quizzes and tests! Use this information to ace your AP U.S. History quizzes and tests!

Key Concept The United States began to develop a modern democracy and celebrated a new national culture, while Americans sought to define the nation’s democratic ideals and change their society and institutions to match them. APUSH PERIOD 4 Key Concepts Reviewed!

Instructions: Review the outline to recall events and their relationships as presented in the chapter. Return to skim any sections that seem unfamiliar. I. The Trials of War, – A. War in the North 1. Few observers thought that the rebels stood a chance of defeating the British; Great Britain had.

Before the arrival of Europeans, native populations in North America developed a wide variety of social, political, and economic structures based.

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